Albert Einstein was a German scientist and mathematician who pioneered the special and general theories of relativity. For his explanation of the photoelectric phenomenon, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. He moved to the United States in the next decade after being targeted by the German Nazi Party.
His work influenced the creation of atomic energy as well. Einstein concentrated on unified field theory in his final years. Einstein is often regarded as the most influential physicist of the twentieth century because of his curiosity.
Early Life & Family
Einstein was born in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Einstein was raised in a secular Jewish household. Hermann Einstein, his father, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a Munich-based business that mass-produced electrical equipment.
The family was run by Einstein’s mother, the former Pauline Koch. Maja, Einstein’s sister, was born two years after him. The Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich was where Einstein went to primary school. However, he felt isolated there and struggled with the strict educational approach of the school.
He had speech problems as well, but he developed a passion for classical music and violin playing that he would maintain into his senior years. Especially notable was Einstein’s adolescence, which was marked by great curiosity and investigation.
Max Talmud, a Polish medical student who occasionally dined with the Einstein family, became an informal teacher to young Einstein around the end of the 1880s. Talmud had given his student a children’s science book that had led Einstein to ponder the nature of light.
Thus, while still in his teens, Einstein wrote “The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields,” which is considered his first important article.
What College Did Albert Einstein Go to?
|College:||Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, University of Zurich|
|Degree:||B.A. in Physics, Ph.D. in Physics|
The answer to the question: did Einstein go to college is; Yes, he did. Due to his outstanding mathematics and physics results on the entrance exam, Einstein was finally accepted and attended the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
He still had to complete his pre-university education, so he enrolled in Jost Winteler’s high school in Aarau, Switzerland. Einstein stayed with the schoolmaster’s family and was smitten by Marie Winteler, the schoolmaster’s daughter. At the turn of the century, Einstein resigned his German citizenship and became a Swiss citizen.
When Did Einstein Go to College?
Many European and American colleges awarded Albert Einstein honorary doctorates in science, medicine, and philosophy. He spoke across Europe, America, and the Far East during the 1920s, and he was given Fellowships or Memberships in all of the world’s leading scientific institutions. He was awarded the Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London in 1925 and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1935 for his efforts.
Einstein’s abilities unavoidably led to his spending most of his time in intellectual seclusion, and music played a vital role in his life as a kind of relaxation. He had a daughter and two sons with Mileva Maric, but their marriage was dissolved in 1919. He then married his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, in the same year, who died in 1936.
Einstein’s work took him to many different nations. In 1905, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich and went on to become a professor in Zurich (1909), Prague (1911), and Zurich once again (1912). He then relocated to Berlin, where he became the head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and a professor at the Berlin University (1914). He became a German citizen as well.
Einstein remained in Germany until 1933 when dictator Adolf Hitler rose to power. The physicist then renounced his German citizenship and moved to the United States to become a professor of theoretical physics at Princeton. He became a U.S. citizen in 1940 and retired in 1945.
Throughout his later years, Einstein remained engaged in the physics community. He notably wrote President Franklin D. Roosevelt a letter in 1939 warning that uranium may be used to make an atomic weapon.
Einstein had a series of private arguments with scientist Niels Bohr over the validity of quantum theory late in his life. The ideas of Niels Bohr won the day, and Einstein eventually used quantum theory in his computations.
Inventions and Discoveries
Einstein made several discoveries as a scientist, but his theory of relativity and the equation E=MC2, which anticipated the creation of atomic power and the atomic bomb, is arguably his most well-known.
Theory of Relativity
In his work “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”, published in 1905, Einstein presented a unique theory of relativity, propelling science on a thrilling new path. In November 1915, Einstein completed his general theory of relativity. This hypothesis was considered by Einstein to be the pinnacle of his life’s work.
He was convinced that general relativity was superior to Isaac Newton’s theory because it allowed for a more precise forecast of planetary orbits around the sun and a more broad, nuanced description of how gravitational forces operated.
Observations and measurements by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Eddington during the 1919 solar eclipse backed up Einstein’s claims, and a global science hero was formed.
Legacy of Albert Einstein
In other ways, rather than becoming a relic, Einstein may have been too much ahead of his time. In Einstein’s day, the strong force, which is a critical component of any unified field theory, was still a complete mystery. With the quark model, physicists only began to solve the mystery of the vital force in the 1970s and 1980s. Despite this, Einstein’s work continues to earn Nobel Prizes for scientists after him. The discoverers of gravitational waves, predicted by Einstein, received the Nobel Prize in 1993.
The Nobel Prize for Physics was given to the discoverers of Bose-Einstein condensates in 1995 (a novel kind of matter that may develop at low temperatures). Thousands of black holes have been discovered. New generations of space satellites have confirmed Einstein’s theory of the cosmos. Many top physicists are also attempting to complete Einstein’s ultimate ambition of a “theory of everything.”
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